The risk of sepsis is greater if there is already some kind of infection in the body, such as the lungs, the urinary system, or the skin
When a lot of bacteria and body appear in the body can not be dealt with, then it comes to the sepsis.
It is a severe infection that can occur in any part of the body and is lethal if it does not start in time with treatment, since it comes to septic shock.
In the case of sepsis, the bacteria sway through the bloodstream and can easily reach every organ in the body, as well as to the heart or brain. It is treated with antibiotics.
Sometimes it occurs after surgery or insertion of a catheter, intravenous, urinary or drain. The longer the foreign object in the body, the greater the risk of sepsis. People with immunity are at increased risk, for example those who are treated by cancer or older individuals.
When sepsis develops, the symptoms include fever, increased fever, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Sepsis can cause infection at any place in the body (called metastatic infections), if not cured faster.
Infections may occur in the brain (meningitis), in cardiac aorta (pericarditis), on the inside of the heart (endocarditis), in the bones (osteomyelitis) and in the large joints. An abscess (squeezing pus) can occur almost everywhere.
Early recognition of symptoms is crucial
Experts say the main condition for the successful treatment of sepsis is an early recognition of symptoms that are not strictly specific and are not always a sign of sepsis.
Some of these symptoms in adults include weakness, altered state of consciousness, loss of appetite, fever, thirst, difficulty or accelerated breathing, accelerated heartbeat, reduced blood pressure, dizziness, and decreased urination.
In children, symptoms may include rejection of food, vomiting, cold and disorientation, while in infants, it may be possible to work for sepsis when the child is warm to the touch (fever) if there is purulent discharge around the navel with swelling or redness, is not sucking at all, it’s hard to wake up and it’s sleepy all the time, there are persistent convulsions and frequent vomiting.
Each of these conditions, whether adults or children, should be taken very seriously and medical attention should be sought without delay. Treatment should start one hour after the onset of symptoms, which includes administering antibiotics and medicines to support heart and kidney function.
Symptoms of septic shock
The first indicator of septic shock, 24 hours or more before the blood pressure drops, is often confused. Blood flow is reduced in the brain, blood ejection increases from the heart, but blood vessels are expanding and blood pressure is reduced. Often, a person breathes very fast so that the lungs release too much carbon dioxide, and the blood level decreases.
- Sudden rise in temperature
- Hot, red skin
- Very fast pulse
- Blood pressure that grows and falls
- Reduced urination